“Take up one idea. Make that one idea your life - think of it, dream of it, live on that idea. Let the brain, muscles, nerves, every part of your body, be full of that idea, and just leave every other ideas alone. This is the way to success - that is way great spiritual giants are produced.”

About Me

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Life is self-realization. Every birth is divine. We are born anew every morning. My wish is that I may catch the gleam, be freed from limitations and enter upon my boundless possibilities. My endowments are so rich and rare. There is no other person in the world just like me. I have genius, which, if it were brought forth into the sunlight, would glorify with brilliant inspiration a thousand lives. I have insight that, if it were energized, would make the desert blossom as the rose. I have initiative that once illuminated would create an empire fairer than any ever raised in marble. I have harmony lying latent in the vast octaves of my being, which if awakened into melody would sooth, comfort, restore, and purify the passions of the world. I have beauty; matchless in forms of grace, which if breathed into marble, or spread in soul colors upon the canvass would adorn the palaces of kings. I have thoughts which if given expression would burn and shine thru countless ages and bear their messages of hope and power to fainting multitudes.

Monday, January 24, 2011

NCERT books

NCERT books from 10-12 are especially Important for Civil Service Exam General Studies esp. of History, Geography, Economics and General Science.

I'm Posting all of them right from Class 3rd to 12th.


UPSC Study Material HOT LINKS

UPSC Study Material HOT LINKS




43rd Annual Conference of The Indian Econometric Society (TIES)

Important Links:

Prime Minister Office, India
PM Initiatives
- Subject Group Reports

Census of India
Census Data Online
- List of all india Publication

Ministry of Statistics and Programme Implementation
- Publications
- Annual Reports

National Rural Employment Gurantee Act (NREGA)

Members Of Parliament Local Area Development Scheme (MPLADS)
Summary of Funds

Ministry of Finance, India
Union Budget (2006-2007)
- Economic Survey (2005-06)
- Taskforce on Direct and Indirect taxes

National Commission on Population

Indian Investment Centre

Lok Sabha, India
- Publications

The Office of the Lok Sabha Speaker, India
- Speeches

Deptt. of Development of North-Eastern Region
- Annual Report

Ministry of Parliamentary Affairs
- Annual Reports
Rajya Sabha, India
Railway Budget Speech
- Annual Report
- Publications

National Commission on Population, India
- National Population Policy 2001

Other links
- Districts of India
- Ministry of Social Justice and
- Empowerment

Source :

Website Addresses of Public Service Commissions in India

Website Addresses of Public Service Commissions in India


(A) Tentative Schedule:

(i) Notification of Examination : November/December of previous year
(ii) Conduct of Examination : May

(B) Age - limits:

  • 21-30 years as on 1st August of the year of Examination.
  • Certain categories of persons as specified in the Commission's Notice as published in Employment News/Rozgar Samachar are eligible for age relaxation.

(C) Educational Qualification:

  • Degree of a Recognised University or equivalent.
  • Candidates appearing in the requisite Degree qualification are also eligible for appearing in the examination, however, they are supposed to submit proof of passing the requisite qualification along with with Detailed Application Form for Civil Services (Main) Examination...
(D)Statistical Data CS (Preliminary)
Year of ExamNo of Candidates

UPSC Official Syllabus for PRELIMS and MAINS

UPSC Official Syllabus for Civil Services (Prelim) Exam 2011 which includes CSAT.....

From Civil Service Examination 2011, Preliminary Examination would consist of two papers- Paper I and Paper II. The syllabus and pattern of the Preliminary Examination would be as under:

(Paper 1) (200 marks) - Duration : Two hrs.

  • Current events of national and international importance
  • History of India and Indian national movement
  • Indian and World Geography- physical, social, economic geography of India and the world
  • Indian Polity and governance – constitution, political system, panchayati raj, public policy, Rights issues, etc.
  • Economic and social development – sustainable development, poverty, inclusion, demographics, social sector initiatives etc.
  • General issues on environmental ecology, bio-diversity and climate change-that donot require subject specialization
  • General science.

(Paper II) (200 marks) – Duration : Two hrs

  • Comprehension
  • Interpersonal skills including communication skills
  • Logical reasoning and analytical ability
  • Decision making and problem solving
  • General mental ability
  • Basic numeracy (numbers and their relations, orders of magnitude etc. (Class X level), Data interpretation (charts, graphs, tables, data sufficiency etc. –Class X level)
  • English language comprehension skills (Class X level)

    The Preliminary Examination will consist of two papers of Objective type (multiple choice questions) and carry a maximum of 400 marks in the subjects set out in subsection (A) of Section-II. This examination is meant to serve as a screening test only; the marks obtained in the Preliminary Examination by the candidates who are declared qualified for admission to the Main Examination will not be counted for determining their final order of merit. The number of candidates to be admitted to the Main Examination will be about twelve to thirteen times the total approximate number of vacancies to be filled in the year in the various Services and Posts. Only those candidates who are declared by the Commission to have qualified in the Preliminary Examination in the year will be eligible for admission to the Main Examination of that year provided they are otherwise eligible for admission to the Main Examination.
    Note 1 : Questions relating to English Language Comprehension skills of Class X level (last item in the Syllabus of Paper II) will be tested through passages from English language only without providing Hindi translation thereof in the question paper.

    Civil Services (Main) Examination (Written and Interview) for the selection of candidates for the various services and posts
    The written examination will consist of the following papers:

    Paper-I :
    Section 1 Essay 200 Marks
    Section 2 English Comprehension & English Precis 100 Marks
    (Candidates will be required to write an essay on a specific topic. The choice of subjects will be given. They will be expected to keep closely to the subject of the essay to arrange their ideas in orderly fashion, and to write concisely. Credit will be given for effective and exact expression.
    English Comprehension & English Precis will be to test the English language Comprehension and English precis writing skills (at 10th standard level)).

    General Studies-I (Indian Heritage and Culture, History and Geography of the World and Society) of 250 marks which may include following topics:
    • Indian culture will cover the salient aspects of Art Forms, Literature and Architecture from ancient to modern times.
    • Modern Indian history from about the middle of the eighteenth century until the present- significant events, personalities, issues
    • The Freedom Struggle - its various stages and important contributors /contributions from different parts of the country.
    • Post-independence consolidation and reorganization within the country. History of the world will include events from 18th century such as industrial revolution, world wars, redrawal of national boundaries, colonization, decolonization, political philosophies like communism, capitalism, socialism etc.- their forms and effect on the society.
    • Salient features of Indian Society, Diversity of India.
    • Role of women and women's organization, population and associated issues, poverty and developmental issues, urbanization, their problems and their remedies.
    • Effects of globalization on Indian society
    • Social empowerment, communalism, regionalism & secularism.
    • Salient features of world's physical geography.
    • Distribution of key natural resources across the world (including South Asia and the Indian subcontinent); factors responsible for the location of primary, secondary, and tertiary sector industries in various parts of the world (including India)
    • Important Geophysical phenomena such as earthquakes, Tsunami, Volcanic activity, cyclone etc., geographical features and their location- changes in critical geographical features (including water bodies and ice-caps) and in flora and fauna and the effects of such changes.
    General Studies -II (Governance, Constitution, Polity, Social Justice and International relations) of 250 marks which may include following topics:
    • Indian Constitution- historical underpinnings, evolution, features, amendments, significant provisions and basic structure.
    • Functions and responsibilities of the Union and the States, issues and challenges pertaining to the federal structure, devolution of powers and finances up to local levels and challenges therein.
    • Separation of powers between various organs dispute redressal mechanisms and institutions.
    • Comparison of the Indian constitutional scheme with that of other countries
    • Parliament and State Legislatures - structure, functioning, conduct of business, powers & privileges and issues arising out of these.
    • Structure, organization and functioning of the Executive and the Judiciary Ministries and Departments of the Government; pressure groups and formal/informal associations and their role in the Polity.
    • Salient features of the Representation of People's Act.
    • Appointment to various Constitutional posts, powers, functions and responsibilities of various Constitutional Bodies.
    • Statutory, regulatory and various quasi-judicial bodies
    • Government policies and interventions for development in various sectors and issues arising out of their design and implementation.
    • Development processes and the development industry- the role of NGOs, SHGs, various groups and associations, donors, charities, institutional and other stakeholders
    • Welfare schemes for vulnerable sections of the population by the Centre and States and the performance of these schemes; mechanisms, laws, institutions and Bodies constituted for the protection and betterment of these vulnerable sections.
    • Issues relating to development and management of Social Sector/Services relating to Health, Education, Human Resources.
    • Issues relating to poverty and hunger.
    • Important aspects of governance, transparency and accountability, e-governance- applications, models, successes, limitations, and potential; citizens charters, transparency & accountability and institutional and other measures.
    • Role of civil services in a democracy.
    • India and its neighborhood- relations.
    • Bilateral, regional and global groupings and agreements involving India and/or affecting India's interests
    • Effect of policies and politics of developed and developing countries on India's interests, Indian diaspora. Important International institutions, agencies and fora- their structure, mandate.
    General Studies -III (Technology, Economic Development, Bio-diversity, Environment, Security and Disaster Management) of 250 marks which may include following topics:
    • Indian Economy and issues relating to planning, mobilization of resources, growth, development and employment.
    • Inclusive growth and issues arising from it.
    • Government Budgeting.
    • Major crops cropping patterns in various parts of the country, different types of irrigation and irrigation systems storage, transport and marketing of agricultural produce and issues and related constraints; e-technology in the aid of farmers
    • Issues related to direct and indirect farm subsidies and minimum support prices; Public Distribution System- objectives, functioning, limitations, revamping; issues of buffer stocks and food security; Technology missions; economics of animal-rearing.
    • Food processing and related industries in India- scope and significance, location, upstream and downstream requirements, supply chain management.
    • Land reforms in India.
    • Effects of liberalization on the economy, changes in industrial policy and their effects on industrial growth.
    • Infrastructure: Energy, Ports, Roads, Airports, Railways etc.
    • Investment models.
    • Science and Technology- developments and their applications and effects in everyday life
    • Achievements of Indians in science & technology; indigenization of technology and developing new technology.
    • Awareness in the fields of IT, Space, Computers, robotics, nano-technology, bio-technology and issues relating to intellectual property rights.
    • Conservation, environmental pollution and degradation, environmental impact assessment
    • Disaster and disaster management.
    • Linkages between development and spread of extremism.
    • Role of external state and non-state actors in creating challenges to internal security.
    • Challenges to internal security through communication networks, role of media and social networking sites in internal security challenges, basics of cyber security; money-laundering and its prevention
    • Security challenges and their management in border areas; linkages of organized crime with terrorism
    • Various Security forces and agencies and their mandate
    General Studies -IV (Ethics, Integrity and Aptitude) of 250 marks which may include following topics:
    This paper will include questions to test the candidates' attitude and approach to issues relating to integrity, probity in public life and his problem solving approach to various issues and conflicts faced by him in dealing with society. Questions may utilise the case study approach to determine these aspects. The following broad areas will be covered.
    • Ethics and Human Interface: Essence, determinants and consequences of Ethics in human actions; dimensions of ethics; ethics in private and public relationships. Human Values - lessons from the lives and teachings of great leaders, reformers and administrators; role of family, society and educational institutions in inculcating values.
    • Attitude: content, structure, function; its influence and relation with thought and behaviour; moral and political attitudes; social influence and persuasion. Aptitude and foundational values for Civil Service , integrity, impartiality and non-partisanship, objectivity, dedication to public service, empathy, tolerance and compassion towards the weakersections.
    • Emotional intelligence-concepts, and their utilities and application in administration and governance.
    • Contributions of moral thinkers and philosophers from India and world.
    • Public/Civil service values and Ethics in Public administration: Status and problems; ethical concerns and dilemmas in government and private institutions; laws, rules, regulations and conscience as sources of ethical guidance; accountability and ethical governance; strengthening of ethical and moral values in governance; ethical issues in international relations and funding; corporate governance.
    • Probity in Governance: Concept of public service; Philosophical basis of governance and probity; Information sharing and transparency in government, Right to Information, Codes of Ethics, Codes of Conduct, Citizen's Charters, Work culture, Quality of service delivery, Utilization of public funds, challenges of corruption.
    • Case Studies on above issues

    Optional Subject Papers I & II
    List of optional subjects for Main Examination:
    Agriculture ; Animal Husbandry and Veterinary Science ; Anthropology ; Botany ; Chemistry ; Civil Engineering ; Commerce and Accountancy ; Economics ; Electrical Engineering ; Geography ; Geology ;History ; Law ; Management; Mathematics ; Mechanical Engineering ; Medical Science ; Philosophy ; Physics ; Political Science and International Relations ; Psychology ;Public Administration ;Sociology ;Statistics and Zoology .
    Candidates may choose any optional subject from the list of subjects
    However, a candidate can opt for the literatures of a language, indicated below as an optional subject, only if the candidate has graduated in the literature of that particular language as the main subject.

    Literature of any one of the following languages:
    Assamese, Bengali, Bodo, Dogri, Gujarati, Hindi, Kannada, Kashmiri, Konkani, Maithili, Malayalam, Manipuri, Marathi, Nepali, Oriya, Punjabi, Sanskrit, Santhali, Sindhi, Tamil, Telugu, Urdu, English.



Subject Public Administration
Good books for

  1. Administrative Theory:
    • Basic Premises: Structure, processess and Behaviour - Mohit Bhattacharya
    • Public Administration and Public Affairs - Nicholas Henry
    • Modern Public Administration - Nigro and Nigro
  2. Theories of Organisation:
    • Organisation and Management - D. Guishiain
    • Management Thoughts and Thinkers - R. N. Singh
  3. Principles of Organisation:
    • Essentials of Management - Koontz and O'Donnel or Management - Kast and Roseinweigz or -- Principles of Management - Terry and Frankline
  4. Administrative Behaviour:
    • Utilising Human Behaviour - Paul Hersey and Kenneth Blanchard or Organisation Behaviour - Stephen P. Robbing
  5. Structure of Organisation: Same as Principles of Organisation.
  6. Personnel Administration Public Personnel Administration - 0. Glenn Stahl or A.R. Tyagi.
  7. Financial Administration of India - M.J.K. Thavaraj.
  8. Accountability and Control Same as Administrative Theory, and Special issue of IIPA on Accountability.
  9. Administrative Reforms - G. E. Caiden or P.R. Dubhasi.
  10. Administrative Law - M.P. Jain or I.P. Massey.
  11. Comparative and Development Administration:Public Administration: A Comparative Perspectives - Ferrel Headly or Comparative Public Administration - R. K. Arora
  12. Public Policy: Public Policy making - James F. Anderson or Policy making in Government - K. D. Madan
  13. Evolution of Indian Administration: Administrative History of India Vol. \, II, III - B.N. Puri
  14. Environmental Setting: An Introduction to the Constitution of India - D. D. Basu
  15. Political Executive at the Union Level: An Introduction to the Constitution of India - D. D. Basu
  16. Structure of Central Administration: Central Administration - A Awasthi
  17. Centre-State relations: An Introduction to the Constitution of India - D.D. Basu + Sarkaria Commission report.
  18. Public Services:Personnel Administration - A.R. Tyagi + Administrative Reforms Commission report.
  19. .Machinery for Planning: Planning Commission - H.K. Paranjape, and Administrative Reforms Commission report on Planning Commission.
  20. Public Undertakings: Principles and Practice of Public Enterprise Management - Laxmi Narayan
  21. Control of Public Expenditure: Financial Administration - M.J.K.Thavaraj.
  22. Administration of Law and Order: Law and Order Administration in India - K.K. Sharma
  23. State Administration: J.D. Shukla..
  24. District and local Administration: District Administration - S.S. Khera + Special issue of IIPA.
  25. Local Administration: Local Administration in India - S.R. Maheshwari
  26. Administration for Welfare - Annual Report of Ministry of Social Welfare.
  27. Issue Areas in Indian Administration - IGNOU material.
  28. Public Administration - Avasthi & Maheswari
  29. Indian History
    • (Administrative Portion) (Classes XI & XII) - NCERT
    • Administrative History of India (Vols. I, II, III) - B.N. Puri
  30. Planning Commission - H.K. Paranjape
  31. Administrative Thinkers - D. Ravindra Prasad, V.S. Prasad and P.Satyanarayan.
  32. District Administration in India - S.S. Khera





S.No. Name Author / Publisher

1. Herton and Hunt, Sociology, Mcgraw- Hill International, Singapore 1984

2 . Abrahamson Mark, Urban Sociology , Prentice-Hall Inc, Englewood Cliffs, N.J., 1980

3. Haris C. C., The Sociology Enterprises :A Discussion of Fundamental Concept, St. Martin Press Inc., New York, 1980

4. Wilson John, Introduction to Social Movements Basic Books, NY , 1998.

5. Hamilton , Malcom, B. The Sociology of Religion Routledge, London , 1995.

6. Williams, Malcom, Science and Social Science : An Introduction Routledge, London , 2000.

7. D.K.S. Roy, Social Development and the Empowerment of Marginalized Groups: Perspectives and Strategies Sage, New Delhi - 2001

8. Harris C.C., The Family Allen and Unwin, London – 1977

9. Andreas Hess, Concept of Social Stratification, European and American Models Palgrave, Houndmills, NY , 2001

10. Giddens, Anthony, Capitalization and Modern Social Theory University Press Cambridge, 1971

11. Smelser, N.J.The Sociology of Economic Life Prentice Hall, New Delhi - 1988.

12. Haralombos, M, and Heald, R,M. Sociology : Themes and Perspectives Oxford. Delhi - 1980.

13. Randall Collins, Theoretical Sociology Harcourt Brace and Company, Florida, 1996.

14. Bottomore. T.B. Sociology : A GFuide of problem and Literature Allen and Unwin, London - 1972.

15. Etzioni, Amitali, Modern Organization Prentice Hall, NY, 1995

16. Cuff, Sharrock, and Francis, Perspective in Sociology Routledge, NY 1995


1. Mandelbaum, David, Society in India Press Berkreley, 1970

2. Srivnivas M N Caste in Modern India and Other Essays Asia Publishing House, Bombay -1962

3. Srinivas M N Social Change in Modern India Berkeley,University of California Press 1966

4. Srinivas and Shah, The Myth of the self sufficiency of the Indian Village The Economic weekly, 12:1375-1378

5. Beteille Andre Sociology Oxford, New Delhi - 2002

6. Beteille Andre, The idea of Natural, Inequality and other Essays Oxford, Delhi - 1987

7. Beteille Andre, Essay in Contemporary Sociology Oxford, Delhi- 1987

8. Beteille Andre, Social Inequality of Indian Penguine London – 1978

9. Singh Yogender Cultural Change in India Rawat, Jaipur, 2002

10. Singh Yogender, Modernization of Indian Tradition Thompson Press, New Delhi - 1973.

11. Unnithan T K , Indra Dev and Singh, Y, (eds) Towards a Sociology of Culture in India Prentice Hall, new Delhi - 1965

12. Gupta, Dipasnkar, Interrograting Caste Penguine, New Delhi - 2000

13. Shah A M Family in Contempory India Orient Longman, New Delhi - 2001

14. Chandrani and Chandrani, Essay in Rural Sociology Rawat, Jaipur -2000

15. Desai, Neera, and Krishnaraj, Women and Society in India New Delhi - 1990

16. Singer Milton and Cohen B.S. Structure and chasnge in Indian Society Weener Grin Foundation for Anthropological Research 1968

17. Sharma K L (ed) Sociolo Inequilities in Indian , Profiles of Caste Class, Power and Sociol Mobility Rawat, Jaipur 19945

18. Gallenter Masrc, Competing, Inequalities Oxford, NY 1998

19. Joshi, P C Sociol Science and Development: Quest for Relevence Hasr-Anand Publication, Delhi 1995