“Take up one idea. Make that one idea your life - think of it, dream of it, live on that idea. Let the brain, muscles, nerves, every part of your body, be full of that idea, and just leave every other ideas alone. This is the way to success - that is way great spiritual giants are produced.”

About Me

My photo
Life is self-realization. Every birth is divine. We are born anew every morning. My wish is that I may catch the gleam, be freed from limitations and enter upon my boundless possibilities. My endowments are so rich and rare. There is no other person in the world just like me. I have genius, which, if it were brought forth into the sunlight, would glorify with brilliant inspiration a thousand lives. I have insight that, if it were energized, would make the desert blossom as the rose. I have initiative that once illuminated would create an empire fairer than any ever raised in marble. I have harmony lying latent in the vast octaves of my being, which if awakened into melody would sooth, comfort, restore, and purify the passions of the world. I have beauty; matchless in forms of grace, which if breathed into marble, or spread in soul colors upon the canvass would adorn the palaces of kings. I have thoughts which if given expression would burn and shine thru countless ages and bear their messages of hope and power to fainting multitudes.

Monday, February 14, 2011

PM Addresses to IAS Probationers

PM Addresses The IAS Probationers

The Prime Minister, Dr. Manmohan Singh, addressed the IAS Probationers in New Delhi. Following is the text of the Prime Minister’s address:

“I am very happy to have this opportunity to interact with you. In the very beginning, I should like to extend a very warm welcome to the young officers from the Royal Bhutan Government. India and Bhutan have very special intimate relationship and I sincerely hope that the officers from the Royal Government of Bhutan will take full advantage of opportunities of acquiring latest skills in public administration during their stay in our country.

I begin by once again, I do it every year, to tell you how important a contribution each one of you can make to our nation’s progress. We are a mixed economy. Private sector co-exists with the public sector. And for the management of this mixed economy we need a strong, purposeful visionary Government. We cannot wish away the role of the Government in public life of our country and therefore what type of development we will have would very much depend upon the quality of public administration in our country. You have the unique opportunity to make India strong, prosperous and a country which will be lauded all over the world in terms of its achievements, in terms of its commitment to the eradication of poverty, ignorance and disease which still afflicts millions and millions of our people.

Our primary task is to get rid of this mass poverty and we have made considerable progress since independence but much more needs to be done. And in making this happen, the role of public administration is of critical importance. First and foremost any civilized country requires a public administration which is able to enforce law and order and provide a feeling among people that we have a just and caring administration. There can be no development without the maintenance of law and order and the maintenance of law and order in a country as vast as ours, as complex as ours would require special skills and I sincerely hope that when you join the IAS, please do not think that now that you have entered the IAS, you don’t have to gather more skills. I often say to the probationers before and I repeat it again that we are living in a world where human knowledge is increasing at a pace which was unthinkable even two decades ago. And if India is to realize its full development potential, it is really essential that our officers operate on the frontiers of knowledge. Life has to be viewed as one long continuous process of learning and re-learning. So therefore your attitude to acquisition of new knowledge is critical determinant of where India will be in 20-30 years from now.

Technical, professional skills are very important. I am sure the academy and other parts of your training will take care of those needs. But there is one thing I wish to emphasise that please do not neglect that you belong to an All India Service. We allocate IAS officers among various States because India is a quasi federal country. A large country like ours cannot be governed only by the Central Government. It requires cooperation between the Centre and the States to move this country forward. And therefore it is very important that in a public policy matters, what are the ground realities, should be the guiding factor in decision making processes. The fact that you serve in the States, come back to the Centre, go back to your State is a great advantage that this IAS service has in our country in meeting the challenges of management of very rapid changes which are taking place in our economy, in our policy and in the rest of the world.

States, India lives in States and States have to prosper. Therefore, Public Administration in States must be purposeful, must be dynamic but please do not forget that our Constitution has made India one large common market. You may work in a particular State, you may belong to a particular State, but never lose sight of the all India perspective that what you do and what you do not do has implication of the development over a billion people that live in our country and you have to play the leading role in strengthening the unity and integrity of our country, in ensuring that all classes and all groups of our people live in peace and amity. Therefore for this reason it is very essential to pay particular attention to the needs of the under privileged sections of our society. It was the dream of the Father of our Nation Mahatma Gandhi to wipe the tears from the eyes of each and every suffering Indian. That ambition may be too much to ask for but our task will never be complete unless we get rid of mass poverty.

So your knowledge skills are very important, make continuous adjustments in your thinking in the light of latest development in human knowledge, but it is equally important that there should be emphasis on character, on probity in public life. We cannot allow corruption in public services. And if we really look upon ourselves as the servers of the people of India, we must never forget that India is still a country where millions and millions of people go hungry, they are under fed, many of our children are under nourished. And when in public life politicians or public servants depart from the code of conduct which lays emphasis on maximum possible integrity in personal action and behaviour, then you are hurting those very people who are part of the suffering humanity of our country. I therefore urge each one of you to use your time to acquire the best possible skills for public administration, at the same time best possible skills to deal with law and order, to ensure that Scheduled Castes, Scheduled Tribes, our women are not feeling insecure, atrocities against the SCs/STs are a matter of national shame. Your duty must be to provide protection, succor to the most backward parts of the community and I would urge those of you who come from the State where tribals are a very large part of population, have a special responsibility to ensure that these tribal communities do succeed in joining the national mainstream, that they do succeed in becoming partners in national development and therefore I would urge each one of you to study very carefully the dynamics of social and economic change, the factors that are moving us forward, the factors if which neglected can push the pace of development and therefore do as best as you can while you are at the Academy, in acquisition of knowledge.

I would also suggest that in recent years, we have laid more and more emphasis on the third tier of development, the Panchayati Raj Institutions. I said that India is too large a country to be administered from the Centre or even from the State capital. We must decentralize power, we must decentralize decision making processes, we must decentralize the various development programmes so that the people at the ground level get involved in what is going to shape the future of them and their children. And therefore I would urge each one of you to pay special attention to how we can make the panchayati raj in our country a success, we have good examples, we have cases where panchayati raj institutions have not been functioning well, where panchayati raj institutions have not been able to make the type of impact that they should and I hope that I think there will be important case studies which will bring out what it takes to make for an efficient, equitable system of development administration through the panchayati raj. These are some of the thoughts that I thought I would mention to you.

I would also urge you that today our country is faced with many challenges and the challenges of Naxalite activity, the challenges of terror, the challenge of what I should describe as communal tensions, it is our duty to ensure that we should do our very best, to learn what are the factors which lead people to go astray from the mainstream thinking, what is it that we can do to bring back the misguided elements in our society. The law and order has to be administered and administered effectively. But we must also recognize that when we deal with problem areas in particular, when we deal with Scheduled Caste people in particular, that there are root causes of social and economic discontent and it is our duty while administering law and order, pay particular attention to promote the well being of the disadvantaged sections of the community. I have mentioned maintenance of communal harmony is absolutely necessary. Without that, India can break apart. And therefore communal harmony is a must, given a ray of hope and also a sense of purpose to the young people from tribal communities, from scheduled castes community is equally important and as administrators of various districts, various parts of our country, I would urge you to pay special attention to the needs of SCs, STs, minorities and women.

I should also say that changes are taking place in patterns of living all around India. In 20 years time, probably 50% of India would be living in urban areas. The management of urban chain, the management of infrastructure, the role of local level administration in meeting the needs of urban development, the needs of law and order, special problems that arise when large conglomerations in metropolitan towns become a fact of life. The policing of these areas requires special skills. And therefore our administration must be very alert to the challenges of rapid urban development, of course that does not mean that we should neglect rural areas. India still lives in rural areas. 52% of our urban population is still dependent on agriculture and it is there that Government has a major role to play in ensuring that development of agriculture takes place at a pace that our nation needs to provide food security, to provide employment security.

With these words, I once again express my joy in meeting you and wish you all the very best in tackling the challenges that lie ahead of you. You are fortunate that you are going to be the path builders of new India. Public administration in our country is a privileged service in the service of the people of India and this I sincerely hope and pray that you will come up to the expectations of our people. God bless you.”

Courtesy: Press Information Bureau

Saturday, February 5, 2011

Essay Writing Tips & Suggested Reading:

Essay Writing Tips & Suggested Reading:

The essay paper (200 marks) in the civil services main examination is crucial in determining the final outcome/ selection and ranking. It is decisive because there is no specialization in an essay and so no aspirant can claim expertise, unlike optional subjects.

Essay paper does not have a source of definitive information as in the case of general studies or optional subjects. This constitutes a challenge. It is vital to understand that an essay is a reflection of the personality - ideas, views, analysis, assessments and inferences, values, attitude, aptitude, orientation and communication (written) abilities, all the attributes that are wanted by UPSC in an aspirant. General trend is that essay paper will contain 6 topics out of which one topic to be chosen. There is no syllabus for essay. Anything under sun can be asked. But, if we analyse previous year paper, it is conspicuous to find some root topics. For example, there is at least one question on women empowerment every year. So, the topic‘Women Empowerment’ is a root topic.


1. Women Empowerment
2. Indian Culture
3. Democracy, judiciary and related topics
4. Education
5. Current Events based

Suggested Reading:

a) Yojana issues
b) Frontline cover stories
c) “The Hindu” Sunday Magazines
d) Articles of Employment News
e) UN Reports

Groundwork Preparation:

The duration of the essay paper is 3 hours and the word limit is not mentioned. It is generally said that 1500-2000 words should make a good essay. This can comfortably be written even with a moderate pace in 2 to 2 ½ hours. So the first 30- 45 minutes can be spent for the groundwork preparation. First is the selection of the proper essay topic. Out of the 6 topics, one topic would generally be related to philosophical issue, unless one is confident it is better to opt it out. Like wise one can eliminate topics with which one is not comfortable. Some topics, most of the aspirants cannot maintain a balance throughout the essay so better opt them also out. Finally select the topic that you think can do justice. The answer booklet of the main examination consists of 24 single pages. The last 3-4 pages can be used for rough work. If you are sure that you can complete the main booklet, then ask for one additional at the beginning of the exam and use it for rough work. In these pages prepare outline for the essay by asking questions yourselves. It is also called as brainstorming.

Suppose take a topic for example: “Terrorism and global peace (CSE-2005)”

The questions can be -
1. What is terrorism, it’s aims, methodology and its origin?
2. How it is affecting global peace?
3. What are different ways/types of terrorism and how each one is a threat to global peace?
4. What are the causes for terrorism to flourish?
5. How the global peace can be maintained (remedy and a global approach in fighting terrorism because of its spread to all countries)?
6. What is the relevance of terrorism to India and affect on Indians way of living?
7. What should be the conclusion? Ex. Terrorism is affecting global peace and it is a fact.

So the solution is to make it disappear. Whatever form it may be, it should be condemned because it involves loss of precious lives and living of many. On these lines many more questions can be evolved. The next step is question yourself regarding the topic and scribble whatever comes to your mind without any order in just words, not sentences. After this part is over write the conclusion part in detail in the rough area.


1. Good introduction and good conclusion are must.
2. There shall be link between paragraphs.
3. Clarity of expression is very important. Use simple English to express your point clearly. You need not use flowery language. Simple logical presentation is sufficient.
4. Practise is essential for getting a good score.
5. Try to give a good introduction. It should guide the examiner to what you intend to convey in the essay. The conclusion should be good and satisfy the examiner. Always conclude on a positive note.
6. The main focus should be on giving a good analysis of the topic.
7. Do not divert into areas, which are irrelevant to the topic.
8. Make sure that you have sufficient understanding and material to write, before chosing the topic.

Essay preparation for Civil Services Exam can be of two types:-


(The Path Less Trodden):-

• These things should be done when you are doing your GRADUATION these days or u have enough time say 10 months at least to go for Extra-Curricular reading :-

• For long-term preparation be regular with any two national newspapers. I would recommend THE HINDU & THE TIMES OF INDIA. The Hindu gives you simple & effective writing style while TOI gives u stylish English & increases your vocabulary. Both are needed to write a good Essay.

• Read 2-3 hours everyday. Specially focus on the Editorials & other Analytical & Critical articles. Say in Hindu focus on Magazine, Book Review, Literary Review, Business Review, Open Page, 2 page OP-ED Page etc & in The Times of India focus on its Editorial Page. Whenever you encounter a DIFFICULT PHRASE, EDIOM, PART OF SPEECH etc just see the Oxford Advanced Learners Dictionary or Chambers Dictionary & in a Diary note down that word, its meaning, its usage in sentence etc. This MUST be done within 1-2 minutes. Don’t keep it pending.

• Or else one word is lost from your vocabulary. By doing this your VOCABULARY will increase & you will know HOW TO USE THAT WORD IN A DIFFERENT CONTEXT. This is a gradual & continuous process and it will take 12-18 months to make your vocabulary very strong & have command over the language & expressive power.

• In addition to newspapers read as many articles from GOOD MAGAZINES as possible. The following magazines can be referred to.
a. FRONTLINE ( Must )
c. MAINSTREAM (Optional)
d. WORLD FOCUS (Optional)
e. THE ECONOMIST (Optional)
f. TIME or LIFE ( If you have access to a good library)

I am not saying that you should try to finish all these magazines in one month. But try to read as many HIGH QUALITY ARTICLES as possible. This will increase the RANGE & VARIETY of your thinking & will make you knowledgeable about the happenings around the world & different streams of thought. (For Example: - What is “Stream of Consciousness”? What is “Theatre of Absurd”? What is “Objective Correlative” in T S Eliot’s poems? What is The Revival Movement? Etc)

• Jot down POWERFUL & EFFECTIVE sentences that you come across in a Diary. Any Quotations or Important Sentences said by Intellectuals like Amartya Sen, Manmohan Singh, Noam Chomsky, Edward Said, Bertrand Russell, Arundhati Roy etc should be noted down.

• Revise your Diary in free time many times so that you can remember these quotations, important words, sentences etc & use them at relevant places in your Essay in Mains Exam.

• Apart from these things read a lot of NOVELS, POEMS, PLAYS, SHORT STORIES etc

• I am giving a list of some of the books that I read. You can pick up some of them …

12. PLAYS OF HAROLD PINTER or at least know about his works.
15. Search TOP 100 NOVELS OF ALL TIME in Google & read some 5-10 novels of any author “WHOM YOU LIKE” …

The basic idea is to make yourself “well-read” & with a COMMAND over ENGLISH … For this READ SOME GOOD QUALITY novels or poems mentioned above or after searching Google (For ex. Best 100 Poems of Twentieth Century, Best 100 Plays of All Time etc. )

• Now I will turn to SHORT-TERM PREPARATION which everybody wants:-


• For this you need 4-6 months in hand. Plz read:-

1. The Hindu articles & analysis (At least read some 500-1000 Articles from Hindu & in one FILE keep the best 100-150 Articles & Revise them.)
2. The Times of India Editorials (Sunday Edition. The SUNDAY TIMES & “NOT” the DELHI TIMES!!! )
3. The Oxford Book of Essays edited by John Gross( Read some good Essays) (Selective reading)
4. The Penguin Book of Essays(Read some good Essays) (Selective reading)
5. The Book of Essays by Spectrum & quotations given at the back. Remember 200-300 good Quotations which you can use in any Essay & use them liberally.
6. Oxford Book of Twentieth Century Quotations
7. Oxford or Rupa Book of Quotations
8. Competition Success Review Book of Essays (2 Vols for Juniors & 2 Vols for Seniors). CSR publishes GOOD Essays in Essay Competitions. So you can pick points from them …
9. Read sometimes The Economic Times Editorials (Left hand side only. The 3rd editorial on the left lower corner helps in Essay. Also “The Debate” (for, against & neutral) that comes in Tuesday )
10. Make 2-3 diaries full by QUOTATIONS, DIFFICULT WORDS & their meaning, Who said what etc.

• Try to write in simple, effective & in an expressive manner. Every sentence of your essay must have a FORCE which should shake the examiner …If you have mastery over FLOWERY language, then go for it. Or else write in a simple, straightforward & concise manner.
• I write in a flowery language with LOTS OF QUOTATIONS & difficult words.

Friday, February 4, 2011

UPSC Interview Tips:

UPSC Interview Tips, Preparation, Questions


Many of us are theoretically excellent, but fail to get past in the oral rounds. This is not because we lack the desired charisma, but we do not know the exact approach. So, hey guys, just relax & just remember these easy tips and face the interviews confidently!!

In the past twenty years of my professional life, I have come across people from all walks of life.Amongst these, those who have been successful,all have some similar traits which have made them achieve great heights.To put these into practice, I have devised an easy method to remember the Tips!!!

Three "U"s, Three "P"s, Two "S", Two "C"s:
Pleasing Personality
Positive Approach
Straighi from the Heart
Consistency with Clarity

UNDERSTAND the scenario thoroughly as soon as you walk into the interview.Observe each one on the other side subtly and acknowledge them gracefully. You need not bend your back trying to please them,just be as close to your real self as possible.

USE your plus points effectively while trying not to give out your minus.By this ,I mean, if you are good at conversation,then go ahead and converse. But if you bungle things normally while talking, try to answer to the point.

UPDATE yourself thoroughly with Current Affairs and the country's political scenario. This may help you in starting a discussion about problems facing the country, especially something close to your heart.

PLEASING PERSONALITY- Everyone can always approach a person it he does not have a wall built around himself.Thus having a cheerful & approachable manner can instantly build a rapport with the other side and they can remember you amongst hundreds of aspirants.

PROVIDE a true picture of yourself instead of making tall claims of your achievements.Remember, you have already cleared the exam & that itself is proof enough. So do not bore them by boasting too much about how effective an officer you will be.Send across a signal of co-operation & willingness to learn.

POSITIVE APPROACH can go a long way in an oral interview.When you are positive,even the most cynical interviewer can begin to get positive vibes.I know, it is a bit difficult, but then in all your life, even in future this may help in solving many a problems.

SMILE- They say, " A Smile can take you Miles". That holds good here too.As soon as they see your smiling face, they know you have come willingly & earnestly for this post. It also infuses a bit of Patriotism to your Personality automatically.

STRAIGHT FROM THE HEART- This is a very important aspect of a UPSC interview. Mainly you shall be tested for your honesty, integrity & leadership qualities. So whatever you say, should be what you truly believe in & heartfelt.Analyse rationally, and put forth your point of view in as few words as possible. Do not give long lectures.It may work against you.

CONFIDENCE is what you should possess all throughout the interview. Whatever you answer, be confident, Do not criticise the current leaders and confidently say that you can do a better job than them, then it backfires. Otherwise maintain the air of confidence, so that they know you are capable of leading a sector with a managerial quality.

CONSISTENCY WITH CLARITY- You need to be consistent in whatever you say. If you keep changing your opinions all along, you shall be categorized as trying to pull the wool over their eyes. Hence be Clear & Consistent in your approach to a situation.Communication too should be very clear in words as well as diction.

Well, guys, what are you waiting for? See which areas you are strong & which areas you need to improve yourself. Just work towards it slowly & steadily, & I am sure we shall see some of you guys heading some important portfolios!! Al the Best to each one of you!!

UPSC exam success due to equality provision in Constitution

UPSC exam success due to equality provision in Constitution

Shah Faesal, the first Kashmiri to top the Civil Service Examination, has attributed his success to the provision of equality for all enshrined in the Indian Constitution.

“Indian Constitution provides for giving equal rights to everyone irrespective of caste, religion, region and my success in the UPSC exam is a result of that,” he said at a felicitation function here on Tuesday night.

Faesal said people create controversies over petty things like caste, religion, region and language.

“There is no reason to get upset if someone doubts your Indianness because you are a Muslim. There is no need for a certificate from anybody that you are an Indian. Practise any religion in your home or society but outside, do not ever forget that you are an Indian and learn to respect people from other religions,” he said.

“In pursuit of your goal, you will find people who will trouble you because you belong to a particular religion, caste, region but if you have the capability, then nobody can stop you from overcoming these hurdles and reach your goal, Faesal added.

Courtesy: The Hindu

How to Become an IAS Officer ?

IAS Officer

Fathers today, dream of their sons becoming Software Engineers, dreaming dollar dreams at the Silicon Valley, not so long ago, the patriarch would dream of his son pursuing the Civil Services and becoming an IAS officer. It was seen as an illustrious career-path that could do wonders to one's self-esteem and could rocket the family repute as well.

Years down the line, the picture has not changed much, and why should it, when tens of thousands of young people even today, are all willing to rough it out and chalk their way to the hallowed corridors of bureaucracy.
Needless to say, the Civil Services are an equally challenging career option for women. There have been, and there are many distinguished women bureaucrats who have done remarkably well in the field. Former Foreign Secretary of India, Ms.Choklia Iyer, an IFS officer, was the first woman to occupy the post in the year 2000; and Kiran Bedi, IPS officer, is all too familiar as one who fervently mooted the concept of prison reforms in Delhi's Tihar jail. The number of entrants into this Hall of Fame continues to grow…

The Colonial PastThe Civil Services have always had an air of "pride and power" around them. An offshoot of the Raj, they still hold the same sway even in the post-colonial era. Seen as a legacy of the British Rule here in India, the Civil Services, with all its connotations of hierarchical accountability and controls, was established soon after the suppression of the 1857 Sepoy Mutiny. It marked the transfer of power from the East India Company to the Crown in England. The sole objective of the Services then, was to govern the far-flung British Empire, which predominantly involved duties like - preservation of law and order, dispensation of justice and the collection of taxes.
In the 19th century, these services were restricted only to the 'White Babus' and 'Sahibs'. Only from 1920s, after the constitution of the Indian Civil Services (ICS), were Indians admitted to the service

The Democratic PresentToday, the Civil Servants, as the officers of the Civil Services are called, work in a wholly different context, different form the days of the Raj. Following the Preamble of the Indian Constitution, they now operate to create a 'Sovereign, Democratic and a Welfare State' with a singular focus on developing the nation.
So, if you are one, who visualizes the nation as a developed country, as a potential superpower in the days to come, and if you strongly believe that you can lead the nation towards this vision, then get set to chart your way to Bureaucracy and Babudom!

An overview of the services, The Indian Civil Services are organized into two main sections:
I. The All India Services II. The Central Services

All India Services:
The officers who make it to the All India Services, on appointment by the government of India, will be deputed to different States and are at the disposal of the respective State Governments. These services include:
The Indian Administrative Service (IAS): The IAS officers handle the affairs of the government. At the Central level, their job involves the framing and implementation of policies. At the district level, they manage the affairs of the district, including development related activities. At the divisional level, they look after law and order, general administration and development work.

The Indian Police Service (IPS):
The IPS officer's job mainly involves maintaining law and order. (At the district level, they share this responsibility with the IAS officers.) The IPS officer is responsible for ensuring public safety and security; crime detection and prevention; and traffic control and accident prevention and management. There are several functional departments that help IPS officers to carry out their duties.
They are:

  • Crime Branch
  • Criminal Investigation Department (CID)
  • Home Guards
  • Traffic Bureau.

The other agencies at the Central level that aid in similar functions are:

  1. Intelligence Bureau (IB), which gathers information that will aid in predicting and preventing threats to public order.
  2. Central Bureau of Investigation (CBI), which investigates into cases of corruption and major crimes that are referred to it.
  3. Cabinet Secretariat Security, which looks after the personal security of the cabinet ministers.
  4. Central Reserve Police Force (CRPF), who are called in times of emergency, like a natural calamity, or when the law and order situation cannot be controlled by the local police alone.
  5. Border Security Force (BSF), these forces are responsible for the protection of life and property in the border areas.

The Indian Forest Service : The officers in this category manage the forest reserves of the nation. Their job involves the protection and conservation of forest resources and wildlife. They also look after the management and supply of forest products.

The Central ServicesThe Officers of the Central Services serve the Government of India only, irrespective of which State or Country they are posted in. Some of the predominant services that come under this category are:

  • The Indian Foreign Service (IFS): The IFS officers look after the country's external affairs, including diplomacy, trade and cultural relations. They are also responsible for the administration and activities of Indian missions abroad; and for the framing and implementation of the Government's foreign policy.
  • The Indian Railway Service (IRS): The Indian railway network is one of the largest in the world. The IRS officers ensure the smooth operation of this network.
  • The Indian Postal Service: This department looks after the functioning of the mail, telegraphic and other communication services in the country.
  • The Accounts and Auditing Service: This department functioning in four categories deals with accounts, audits and inspections of: - public sector, central and state government undertakings; all military establishments; and the fixing, assessment and collection of income tax.
  • The Indian Customs (IC) and Central Excise Service (CES): The IC deals with the checking and levy of duty on taxable goods brought into the country; and the CES carries out the duty of taxation of goods manufactured within the country.
  • The Indian Ordinance Factories Service: This service oversees the production of goods made particularly for the use of the Armed Forces.
  • The Indian Defence Estates Service (IDES): It is concerned with the administration of military cantonments.
  • The Indian Information Service (IIS): This comes under the Ministry of Information and Broadcasting. The IIS officers handle the press and/or public relations both within the country and abroad on behalf of the government, its various ministries, Public Sector Units (PSUs) and the defence forces.

So, if you want to contribute more than your mite to the process, read on to know how you can enter the Services.

Eligibility:The three pre-requisites for entering the Services through the Civil Services Examination are:
The candidate must be an Indian citizen.
He/She should be between 21 to 30 years of age, as on August 1st of the examination year. Age relaxation of 5 years and 3 years is available to those belonging to SC/ ST and OBC categories respectively.
The candidate should have a Bachelor's degree in any discipline from any recognized University.

The Starting Point: Cracking the Competitive Examination

Entry to the IAS, IPS and the Central Services is through the combined Competitive Examination for the Civil Services. Recruitment to the Indian Forest Service is through a separate examination. The Competitive Examination takes place in three stages:

Stage I: Preliminary Examination

The Union Public Service Commission (UPSC), an autonomous body that ensures unbiased recruitment to the Civil Services, conducts the examination. The notification for obtaining the application forms for the examination will appear in the Employment News and also in other leading dailies.

The preliminary (prelims), a written examination is held in the month of June every year. It consists of two papers, both in the objective type format.

(Paper 1) (200 marks) - Duration : Two hrs.

  • Current events of national and international importance
  • History of India and Indian national movement
  • Indian and World Geography- physical, social, economic geography of India and the world
  • Indian Polity and governance – constitution, political system, panchayati raj, public policy, Rights issues, etc.
  • Economic and social development – sustainable development, poverty, inclusion, demographics, social sector initiatives etc.
  • General issues on environmental ecology, bio-diversity and climate change-that donot require subject specialization
  • General science.

(Paper II) (200 marks) – Duration : Two hrs

  • Comprehension
  • Interpersonal skills including communication skills
  • Logical reasoning and analytical ability
  • Decision making and problem solving
  • General mental ability
  • Basic numeracy (numbers and their relations, orders of magnitude etc. (Class X level), Data interpretation (charts, graphs, tables, data sufficiency etc. –Class X level)
  • English language comprehension skills (Class X level)

Since, it is an extremely competitive exam, the candidates taking the prelims must be extremely diligent and hard working. Only the highest scorers qualify for the second examination, that is, the Main Examination. The success rate of preliminary exam is less than 10%.

Stage II: Main Examination

The Main Examination is a written examination in the subjective or essay type format. It is generally held in the month of November/December. It includes nine papers:

  • Papers I & II:
    These are the language papers, of 300 marks each. One is the English language paper, which is compulsory; and the other is in any Indian language mentioned in the eighth schedule of the Indian Constitution. Marks obtained in these papers are not added in the total score, however qualifying or passing in them with the specified minimum percentage is necessary.
  • Paper III:
    The third is an Essay paper of 200 marks. The candidate can choose to write the essay in either English or in any Indian language mentioned in the eight schedule of the Constitution.
  • Paper IV and V:
    These are the General Studies (G.K. and Current Affairs) papers of 300 marks each.
  • Paper VI, VII, VIII & IX:
    Here, the candidate will have to take two optional subjects, which would contain two papers each. Thus, a total of four papers, where each paper would be of 300 marks, with a total score of 1200.

The number of candidates, who pass through this stage successfully, is further reduced in percentage when compared to the numbers who succeed in the prelims. An indication of the tough competition is the fact that, (on a 1:10 basis), if for instance, a thousand candidates pass the Main exam, there is in reality, only 100 vacancies or civil service posts available.

Stage III: Personality Test

In this final round of elimination, the competition gets the toughest. Candidates are selected on a 1:2 ratio. So, if there are ten vacancies, then twenty candidates will be interviewed.

The personality test follows the pattern of an oral interview or a viva voce. An expert panel judges the candidate's over all personality, his/her social traits, presence of mind, and leadership qualities, apart from their intellectual capabilities and aptitude for the work involved.
When all the hard work of the candidate finally pays off and he finds himself smoothly cruising out of, even the interview stage, he undergoes compulsory training at the Lal Bahadur Shastri National Academy of Administration in Mussoorie as a probationary officer. Training will be imparted in academic areas, which comprise subject studies like economics, history, political science, etc. After this foundation course, specific job-oriented training is conducted separately by each service.

Climbing up the Career Ladder:

All officers begin as Junior Scale Officers. With time and experience, they move on to the higher levels like Senior Scale, Super Time Scale, Additional Secretary, Secretary, Chief Secretary and Cabinet Secretary, with the last four representing the higher echelons.
The remuneration given to these government servants might not match corporate standards of the capitalistic world. But the allowances and facilities given to the civil servants are commensurate with the job. It includes housing, telephone, leave travel concessions, official vehicles and so on.

Necessary Traits:

If you are a wannabe civil servant, these are the stuff you should be made of:

  1. Apart from tonnes of intelligence and ounces of common sense, you must have a deep sense of responsibility and empathy with the underprivileged and the ability to interact with all kinds of people.
  2. If you are an idealist, who believes that the world will be perfect one day, with optimism and positive thinking to go with it, you already fit the bill.
  3. You will also require emotional stability to keep your cool when you have to make the unwilling colleagues or subordinates work.
  4. You should also possess immense personal integrity, for there will be many offenders eagerly waving wads of pelf at you.
  5. Any job that involves decision-making entails a sense of stately power. Not allowing power to get into your head could be a challenge to your level-headedness.


  • You get an opportunity to represent the Government
  • Working from the grassroots, you get the chance to contribute your mite to the development, day-to-day administration and for the overall welfare of the nation
  • The excellent training you receive as a probationary officer in a wide range of intellectual, physical and creative activities groom you into a well-developed personality.
  • You will work in different capacities, in different administrative departments. This rich experience can vastly expand your knowledge base.
  • With principal activities like decision-making and policy formulation, the job is vested with power.
  • It is a white-collared job with cushy allowances and facilities.


  • You have to work in a rigid hierarchical system, answerable to those at higher echelons at every step. This may sometimes act as a hindrance to freedom and creative inputs.
  • You may have to work in an atmosphere of brazen corruption, red-tapeism and unaccountability.
  • Deployed in a different state/cadre, or in case of Indian Foreign Service officers, in different countries, you may have to spend a lot of time away from home, family and friends.
  • You might have to work under severe stress and pressure while handling situations that can create law and order problems. Most IPS officers, working in the C.I.D or C.B.I departments regularly confront such work situations.
  • When a project fails to take off, you alone are often made the scapegoat by politicians, people and the press.

How To Fill UPSC Application Form

Filling UPSC Form

Important Instructions:

  • Take Xerox/Photocopy of Your Whole Form.
  • Note Down Your Form Number (Very Important)
  • CRF (Don't Forget to cancel your CRF from Post
  • Advertisement Number is 04/2010-CSP
  • Don't Forget To sign.
  • [1] : Name Of Exam - CSP 2010
  • [2] : FEE - 1 for Fee Paid, 2 for remission Claimed
  • [3] : Physically Handicapped? - 1 for No, 2 for YesIf yes see Notification for Details.
  • [4] : Community - 4 for General, 3 for OBC, 2 for ST, 1 for SC
  • [5] : Sex - 1 for Male, 2 for Female
  • [6] : Nationality - 1 for Indian, 2 for Others
  • [7] : Full Name - "Your Full Name in CAPITAL Letters"
  • [8] : Date of Birth - DD/MM/YY
  • [9] : Father's Name - "Father's Full Name in CAPITAL Letters"
  • [10] : Address:
  • [11] : Photo - DONT Staple or get it attested.
  • [12] : CRF Stamp -Only CRF Stamps of Rupees 50/- will be applied; no other stamps will be accepted. CRF is available in all the post offices of the country.After CRF is pasted get it stamped from the post office (Cancellation).
  • [13.I] : Are you residing in Remote Area or Abroad? - 1 for yes, 2 for No[13.II] : If Yes - see Notification for Details.
  • [14] : Examination Code - 08 for Delhi for others see Notification.
  • [15] : Education Qualification - 01 for Bachelor Passed, 02 for Final Year/Appearing Students; see Notification for Details.
  • [16] : Whether Claiming Age Relaxation? - 1 for Yes, 2 for No.see Notification for Details.
  • [17] : LEAVE BLANK
  • [18] : LEAVE BLANK
  • [19] : for CSP 2010 I : Optional Subject Code- see Notification for Details.

II : No of Attempts - 00 for Never Appeared for CSP Exam

  • [20] : LEAVE BLANK
  • [21] : LEAVE BLANK
  • [22] : LEAVE BLANK
  • [23] : Declaration : Follow as per Scan Tutorial Advertisement Number is 04/2010-CSP



[24] : Signature - DONT FORGET TO SIGN; unsigned applications will be rejected.

III. Acknowledgement Card Details - Your postal Address
IV. Acknowledgement Card Details - Application Form No , Exam Name